판교박물관

  • Information
    • Tour Guide
    • Floor Guide
    • Exhibition Interpretation
    • Directions
  • Exhibition
    • Exhibition for Relics
    • Excavations site & process
  • Education
    • Experience Education Guide
  • Reference data
    • History of Pangyo
  • Community
    • Purchase & Donation
  • About the Museum
    • Message of Invitation
    • Organization
    • History & Current Status

Reference data

  • History of Pangyo

History of Pangyo

Historical sites of Pangyo

Before carrying out large-scale land developments or developments crossing over into certain areas such as road building or dam construction, it is necessary to conduct investigations into cultural assets. Thus, cultural assets in Pangyo were investigated before carrying out any large-scale development. First, through surface investigations in Pangyo it was established whether there were any relics, and folklore traditions were investigated to establish if there was any record of ancient traces. Then, a detailed excavation investigation was conducted on cultural assets buried underground, after which the construction was carried out. Among these, cultural assets that are deemed to have historical significance for future generations are left as they are, or transferred to another place for restoration and exhibition. This process was also implemented in Pangyo, and as a result, traces were found that indicated that late Old Stone Age people had lived in Pangyo. Housing lots and outdoor hearths from the New Stone Age were found, as well as housing lots from the Bronze Age and plain earthenware, flint arrowhead, spinning wheel, and pestles. A 呂-shape square residential area of the Proto-Three Kingdoms Period was investigated, and 11 Baekje chamber tombs and Goguryeo chamber tombs were found as part of the Three Kingdoms Period relics, as well as 34 housing lots from Baekje that seem to be from the same period.

A stone coffin, chamber tomb, and earthenware kiln from the Unified Silla period were also investigated, as well as a building presumed to be from the Goryeo period. From this building, which looks like a small temple, were excavated the upper part of a golden turret, one Vairocana statue, and two bronze jijang images of bodhisattva. A large building site from the Joseon period was found near Naksaeng High School, along with many Goryeo and Joseon tombs, from which were excavated various objects such as ceramics, bronze spoons and chopsticks, tureens, and iron scissors. In Pangyo New Town, from the Old Stone Age through to the New Stone Age to the Three Kingdoms Period to Goryeo and Joseon until today, many artifacts were found such as housing lots, tombs, kilns, buildings and relics.

Pangyo Today

The name ‘Pangyo’ is presumed to have originated from Neodeori Village, the seat of the former Naksaeng-myeon. Neodeori is a term that was changed from ‘Neoldari’ (a wooden footbridge), and the Korean was changed into Chinese characters to make the current name of ‘Pangyo’. That is, the name originates from the bridge on this village’s Unjung Stream over which people crossed long ago. Now, Pangyo-dong, Sampyeong-dong, Unjung-dong, and Baekhyeon-dong are combined to create Pangyo New Town. Residential areas, commercial areas, and the cutting edge IT and BT technology research facilities complex called Techno Valley are created in the New Town. On the west lies Mt. Cheonggyesan and Mt. Baegunsan, that are connected by one of Mt. Cheonggyesan skirts, Mt. Geumtosan. Small streams such as Unjung Stream, Geumto Stream and Tan Stream flow in Pangyo, which are combined to flow into Han River. Gyeongbu[Seoul-Busan] Expressway penetrates the middle from south to north, and there is Pangyo Interchange. Also, it is viewed as a transportation hub, as there are plans to establish expressways and train stations.